Guillen de Castro y Bellvís, a Spanish dramatist of the school of Lope de Vega,* successfully adapted popular legends and history to Golden Age drama, culminating in Las mocedades del Cid and its sequel, Las hazañas del Cid. Born in Valencia of aristocratic origin, Castro y Bellvís is generally considered a soldier turned man of letters. He served for a time as captain of the coastguard and was appointed a knight of Santiago in 1623. He was married twice: first, unhappily, to the Marquesa Giron de Rebolledo in 1595, followed by a happier marriage to Aí ngela Salgado in 1626.
The greatest contribution of Castro y Bellvíís is his poetic reworking and adaptation to Golden Age drama of the romancero, epic and chivalresque ma­terial, myth, history, and legend. The former is epitomized by Las mocedades del Cid (The youthful deeds of the Cid), a play in two parts first published in 1618. This work and Las hazañas del Cid (The feats of the Cid) were the first dramatizations of the Cid legend and served as the model for subsequent plays about the hero, including the first great French classic tragedy, Pierre Corneille's Cid. Other successful plays of Castro's include El conde de Irlos (The Count of Irlos) and El conde Alarcos (The Count of Alarcos), both based on epic and chivalresque material. Castro also adapted several works of Cervantes* for the theater: Don Quijote de la Mancha, El curioso impertinente, and La fuerza de sangre. His mythological plays Progne y Filomena and Los amores de Dido y Eneas have also achieved considerable renown.
Following an earlier edition, the first licit edition of Castro's works appeared in Valencia in 1618, entitled Primera parte de las comedias. The Segunda parte appeared in Valencia as well, in 1625. Seven of his plays were edited by Ramoín Mesonero Romanos in 1857. The most complete edition of his works produced in the twentieth century is his Obras, edited by E. Julia in three volumes, 1925­27. Recent articles on Castro have not been particularly plentiful but have been quite revealing in terms of both genre and analysis of individual plays.
M. Ratcliffe, "Powerless or Empowered? Women in Guillen de Castro's 'Las mocedades del Cid' and 'Las hazañas del Cid,' " Bulletin of the Comediantes 44 (1992): 261-67.
W. E. Wilson, Guillen de Castro, 1973.
Lydia Bernstein

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Castro y Bellvis, Guillen de — • Spanish dramatic poet, b. of a noble family at Valencia in 1569; d. at Madrid in 1631 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Castro y Bellvís, Guillén de — born 1569, Valencia, Spain died 1631, Madrid Spanish playwright. Of his approximately 50 plays, the best remembered is The Youth of the Cid (с 1599), on which Pierre Corneille based his Le Cid (1637). Castro s play is notable for its naturalistic …   Universalium

  • Castro y Bellvís, Guillén de — (1569, Valencia, España–1631, Madrid). Dramaturgo español. De sus cerca de 50 obras, la más conocida es Las mocedades del Cid ( 1599), que sirvió de base a Pierre Corneille para escribir El Cid (1637). La obra de Castro es reconocida por su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Guillén de Castro y Bellvis — (1569 ndash; July 28, 1631), was a Spanish dramatist of the Spanish Golden Age.A Valencian by birth, he soon achieved a literary reputation. In 1591 he joined a local literary academy called the Nocturnos . At one time a captain of the coastguard …   Wikipedia

  • Castro y Bellvís — (Guilhem ou Guillén de) (1569 1631), dramaturge espagnol. En 1618, il publia deux pièces en vers: les Enfances (Mocedades) du Cid, qui inspira Corneille, et les Entreprises de jeunesse (Hazanas) du Cid …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Castro y Bellvis — Cạstro y Bellvịs,   Guillén de, spanischer Dramatiker, * Valencia 1569, ✝ Madrid 28. 7. 1631; lebte ab 1619 in Madrid im Dienst verschiedener Adliger. Dramatiker aus der Schule Lope de Vegas. C. y Bellvis entnahm die Stoffe für seine Comedias v …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Guillén — Guillén, Jorge Guillén, Nicolás * * * (as used in expressions) Castro y Bellvís, Guillén de Guillén, Jorge Guillén, Nicolás …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guillén de Castro — y Bellvís (* 4. November 1569 in Valencia; † 28. Juli 1631 in Madrid) war einer der bedeutendsten Dramatiker des sog. Goldenen Zeitalters (Siglo de Oro) Spaniens. Er hat insgesamt etwa 35 Dramen verfasst. Am bekanntesten geblieben ist sein Stück… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CASTRO (G. de) — CASTRO GUILLÉN DE (1569 1631) De famille noble, Guillén de Castro y Bellvís fit tout d’abord une carrière militaire et civile à Valence et en Italie, avant de se fixer à Madrid où il fut en relation avec les plus illustres écrivains. Après avoir… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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